Software-defined vehicles, Marking a Remarkable Shift in Vehicle Architecture, Will Evolve from Mechanical to Customized Digital Devices.
Software Defined Vehicles (SDVs) are emerging as a major trend in the global automotive industry, complementing the rise of electric vehicles (EVs) and signalling a shift towards more sustainable and digital automotive solutions. As electric vehicles lead the way in transforming the automotive value chain, SDVs are poised to initiate a significant change, transitioning vehicles from mechanical to software-centric designs.
SDVs will be engineered around software rather than traditional mechanical components, a shift that Satish Sundaresan, Managing Director of Elektrobit India, highlights as a reimagining of vehicle design. Vehicles will be built on a common software platform, allowing for easy modification and expansion of functionalities.
Nikhil Iyer, VP of Software Engineering at Harman India, notes that SDVs are already influencing vehicle architectures, making software an increasingly dominant factor. The complexity of modern vehicles, he points out, is evident in the millions of lines of code they contain, far surpassing that of aeroplanes.
The drive towards SDVs is largely fueled by consumer demands for personalization and connectivity. These vehicles are expected to integrate seamlessly into users’ digital lives, linking cars, phones, and homes. This shift emphasizes hyper-personalization, meeting consumers’ desires for enhanced experiences during commutes, whether through entertainment, information, or productivity.
SDVs also aim to integrate with the broader Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem, blurring the lines between homes and vehicles. The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) will enable tailored solutions for individual users based on their specific needs.
The rise of SDVs is set to increase collaboration within the automotive ecosystem, bringing together diverse players like telecom operators, software and technology companies, and hardware providers. This collaborative environment will be essential for navigating the complexities of software development, connectivity, and data management.
This shift also signals a change in control within the automotive industry. With the increased importance of electronics and semiconductors in SDVs, chip manufacturers are expected to play a more decisive role in influencing vehicle design and function. This transition may also lead to a redefinition of the roles of Tier 1 suppliers and a shift in OEM margins, potentially leading to new revenue streams based on services and subscriptions.
SDVs will not only cater to consumer preferences but also transform the relationship between vehicle owners and their cars. Features like cloud-based customer profiles will enable a seamless transition between different vehicles, enhancing user convenience. This shift may also lead to an increased reliance on subscription services for specific vehicle features.
However, with the evolution of SDVs, the automotive industry must also address the challenges of cybersecurity, given the extensive data transfer between vehicles and the cloud. Robust cybersecurity measures will be crucial in protecting vehicles from hacking and data breaches.
India, with its strong software and manufacturing capabilities, is poised to become a global hub for SDV development. The country’s talent pool will be instrumental in shaping the software architectures underpinning SDVs, and with government initiatives like the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) schemes, India is well-positioned to play a significant role in the manufacturing of SDV components and systems.
In conclusion, while the SDV space is still evolving and poses various challenges, it presents exciting opportunities for the automotive industry to transition into a more digital and consumer-centric future. The impact of this transition extends beyond mere convenience, offering possibilities for increased safety, efficiency, and a reduction in environmental impact through optimized energy management. Additionally, the intersection of SDVs with emerging technologies like 5G, blockchain, and edge computing promises to unlock new capabilities and applications, potentially revolutionizing the way we perceive and interact with vehicles. As the automotive sector continues to innovate, the development of SDVs will undoubtedly play a pivotal role in shaping the future of transportation.