The government plans to make local manufacturing of equipment a key element in tenders for large solar power projects, even as the country aims to add close to 500 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity by 2030, reported Economic Times, citing sources.
The ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) plans to design the bids in a way to bring manufacturing into the country while taking care of the interest of small and medium developers, said Anand Kumar, secretary, MNRE to ET.
“So the bigger bids will be focused on manufacturing, while smaller bids will take care of smaller developers,” he told ET. “If there is one big bid and one player takes it all, that will be unfair.” It would be difficult to attract manufacturers with smaller bid sizes, Kumar said.
The English Daily stated that while around 80% of the equipment used in wind power projects are manufactured locally, in the case of solar projects about 90% of the equipment are imported and 85% of which come from China.The cost of solar equipment is expected to fall further after Chinese government recently decided to put brakes on its solar capacity addition. These long-term projections are being made so that manufacturing gets a boost and people are assured of what kind of market they are looking at, Kumar informed.
To reach there, the ministry plans to bid out 30 GW solar and 10 GW wind projects every year till 2028. Solar Energy Corporation of India earlier this year floated a global tender for setting up 5 GW manufacturing capacity linked with Inter-state transmission system (ISTS)-connected solar project for 10 GW aggregate capacity.
As part of the tender, developers will be allowed to import polysilicon, but will have to manufacture solar modules locally. The government, however, has not mandated use of locally manufactured solar panels in the project as part of the tender, thereby steering clear of landing into trouble at World Trade Organisation (WTO), officials said. However Kumar further sttaed that these tenders are WTO compliant and the developer is not bound to use the components in the power project for they are free to export.